1) Statutes – Legislation and regulations passed by applicable levels of government
2) Common Law – Decisions of the Courts, made in particular cases
Some laws are enacted by legislatures, such as federal Parliament in Ottawa and the provincial Legislative Assembly in Victoria. These laws are called legislation, statutes, or acts (these three terms are essentially synonymous). Statutes often permit regulations to be made under them, by the executive branch of government, which provide further sources of law. Some of the main statutes in the area of employment law are outlined below.